order non hybrid seeds LandRightsNFarming: Fwd: An excerpt from the book "It's NOT the LAW" on Enabling Clauses

Monday, April 9, 2012

Fwd: An excerpt from the book "It's NOT the LAW" on Enabling Clauses

---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: jack danials <cornmash007@yahoo.com>
Date: Sun, Apr 8, 2012 at 10:17 PM
Subject: Fwd: An excerpt from the book "It's NOT the LAW" on Enabling Clauses

--- On Sun, 4/8/12, mentor2 <mentor2@gmail.com> wrote:

From: mentor2 <mentor2@gmail.com>
Subject: Fwd: An excerpt from the book "It's NOT the LAW" on Enabling Clauses
To: "Rod Class" <itconstitutional@aol.com>, "Private Attorney General" <justice0927@sbcglobal.net>, "Maria Janet" <kenickes@gmail.com>, "jack danials" <cornmash007@yahoo.com>, "Dwight" <nemesisandsam@aol.com>, "jane smith" <missindependence2012@gmail.com>
Date: Sunday, April 8, 2012, 12:38 PM

FYI...One might ask: How then do the portions of the USC that aren't positive (or enabled, enacted) law, come to be prosecutable ? Or, are they all somehow enabled ? Or, how do we enforce their voidness or nullity ? 

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Sun, Apr 8, 2012 at 2:43 PM
Subject: An excerpt from the book "It's NOT the LAW"

An excerpt from the book "It's NOT the LAW"


"It's NOT the LAW" book" - http://www.itsnotthelaw.com/


Enabling Clauses

The use of an enacting  clause is  one  of the  oldest  concepts  used  in  the  process  of  issuing or enacting laws, edicts,  and commands, to identify the source and authority for the law. It was first used by God Himself when He issued a command, directive or law. When God gave Israel the Ten Commandments it was made known to Israel the source and authority of these laws:


"I  am the  Lord thy  God, which  brought you  out  of  the land of  Egypt,  from  the house of bondage." (Exodus 20:2)


When additional laws were given by Moses, he made a statement concerning the authority for the laws:


"Now these are the commandments, which the LORD your God commanded to teach you ..." (Deuteronomy 6:1)


The house of Israel always knew by what authority the laws they were to follow were enacted, and so should we.


The Caesars and Emperors of the Roman Empire always prefaced their edicts and commands with a statement containing their name to show the source and authority for the law. A statement of enacting authority was always used in the royal decrees and commands of the Kings of England.  When Parliament developed into a law-making body around 1440, their use of an enacting clause became a regular part of English statutes, and continues to this day.

It was used from the very beginning in this country. The Mayflower Compact begins as follows: "IN The Name of God ..." (That was perhaps a bit presumptuous, unless of course He did give it to them.)


In 1692, the Massachusetts Bay province enacted a law for the punishing of various capital laws; it begins:




Then came the enacting clause:


"Be it ordained and enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same ..."


The enacting clause appeared right after the title, but before the body of the law. A law cannot be regarded as coming from a constitutionally authorized source if it does not have an enacting clause.  If there  is  no  enabling  clause,  it  is  invalid,  and no code  has  an  enabling clause. They are all invalid for that reason alone. If any law is to have authority behind it, it must have an enacting clause preceding it, as is required by the Constitution and fundamental law.


This can be proven with the support of dozens of State Supreme Court rulings such as:


"The  enacting  clause  is  a  short  formal  statement,  appearing  after  the  title, indicating that all  which follows  is  to become law, and giving the  authority by which the law  is  made.  There is no excuse for not using it."  (Harvey Walker,
The Legislative Process, N.Y., Ronald Press Co. (1948), p. 346.)

"The enacting clause is the section of a bill or statute which establishes the whole document as a law."(Pearce v. Vittum, 61 N.E. 1116, 1117, 193 Ill. 192 (1901).)


The state "Codes", "Revised Statutes," and the U.S. "Code" are publications which purport to be law, but which use no enacting clauses. A bill is a form, or draft of a law presented to a legislature for enactment. A bill does not become a law until the constitutional prerequisites have been met. Title 18, in which the Gun Control Act of 1968 is found, has a major problem which I will explain later on in this book, but even on its face it is fatally flawed.


It  could  only  be  considered  to contain valid laws  of the United States  if its  contents are  cited from the  Statutes  at Large. The government  never  cites  Title  18  from  the  Statutes  at  Large  on  indictments;  it  only  cites  it  as published in the U.S. Code, which has absolutely no enacting clauses on its face. It is always U.S.C. Sec. 1951, instead of the 62 Stat. Lg. 1084. The difference is critical.


An interesting statement regarding enacting clauses was made by a court in a Nevada case: "Every person at all familiar with the practice of legislative bodies is aware that one of the most common methods adopted to kill a bill and prevent its becoming a law, is for a member to move to strike out the enacting clause. If such a motion is carried, the bill is lost. Can it be seriously contended that such a bill, with its head cut off, could thereafter by any legislative action become a law? Certainly not."  (Nevada v. Rogers, 10 Nev.  250, 255, 256 (1875); approved in Caine v. Robbins, 131 P.2d 516, 518, 61 Nev. 416 (1942).)


The Court of Appeals of Kentucky held a statute void for not having an enacting clause, holding that all constitutional provisions are mandatory:


"The bill in question is not complete; it does not meet the plain constitutional demand. Without an enacting clause it is void." (Commonwealth v. Illinois Cent. R. Co., 170 S.W. 171, 175, 160 Ky. 745 (1914); Louisville Trust Co. v. Morgan, 203 S.W. 555, 180 Ky. 609 (1918).)

The Supreme Court of Georgia said the use of an enacting clause is:


"Essential" and that without it the Act they had under consideration was "a nullity and of no force and effect as a law." (Joiner v. State, 155 S.E.2d 8, 10, 223 Ga. 367 (1967).)


Since the Constitution requires "all laws" to have an enacting clause, it makes it a requirement on published laws as well as on bills in the legislature. If the Constitution said "all bills" shall have an enacting clause, then their use in publications would not be required. A statute book without the enacting clause is not a valid publication of laws. The Supreme Court of Nevada held:


"Our constitution expressly provided the enacting clause of every law shall be, The people of the state of Nevada, represented in senate and assembly, do enact as follows:


"... It is, in our judgment, an imperative mandate of the people, in their sovereign capacity, to the legislature, requiring that all laws, to be binding upon them, shall, upon their face, express the authority by which they were enacted; and, since this act comes to us without such authority appearing upon its face, it is not a law."  (State of Nevada v. Rogers, 10 Nev.  120, 261 (1875); cited with approval in:  People v. Dettenthaler, 77 N.W. 450, 452, 118 Mich. 595 (1898);
Kefauver v. Spurling, 290 S.W. 14, 15, 154 Tenn. 613 (1926).)


In the law text, Ruling Case Law, is a section that deals with the requirements of statutes, and under the subheading "Publication of Statutes," it states:

"The publication of a statute without the enacting clause is no publication."


The reason the enacting clause must be printed in the public law book is so we can identify it as a public law as opposed to a resolution, proclamation, executive order, or an administrative rule. A resolution or order (Executive Order) is not a law, but merely the form in which the legislative body expresses an opinion. That which is printed in the Revised Statute books and the U.S. Code could just as well be resolutions, which carry no force of law.


The current corrupt legal system has in effect sown its own seeds of destruction by arbitrarily forming codes and revised statutes. All complaints or indictments today cite laws from these codes or revised statute books, which contain no enacting clauses. Laws, which lack an enacting clause,  are  not  laws  of  the  legislative  body  to  which  we  are  subject. Thus if a complaint or information charges one with a violation of a law which has no enacting clause, no valid law is
cited. If it cites no valid law then the complaint charges no crime, and the court has no subject-matter jurisdiction to try the accused. No complaint or indictment can allege that a criminal act has been committed when there is no law, which makes the act a crime.


In any situation, in a true court of Law, this clear and basic point would have been acknowledged immediately by the judge, and the defendant would have been vindicated.


We should ask: What is the authority for this law to exist? In the light of enabling clauses alone, the gun laws used to imprison hundreds of thousands of Americans are laws that never were. They do not exist, and they never did. All we need to do is to accept responsibility and learn facts such as this and most of our problems would disappear.


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